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Australia’s citizenship policies rank 3rd out of 33 countries


14 September 2011: Australia is a world leader on providing a clear path to citizenship, according to an international study on migrant settlement published today by the Migration Policy Group. Australia ranks 3rd out of 33 countries on citizenship policies and 5th in its overall approach to giving legal migrants opportunities to participate in society.

The MIPEX can be used by both the international and national media as a reliable, quick reference guide to provide in-depth understanding on where countries are doing well in providing equal rights, responsibilities and opportunities to migrants, and where they are falling behind. You can compare countries to neighbouring or other countries, and get an overview of what has changed and what could be done to improve integration. Since the MIPEX is updated continuously, you can regularly access contextual information and keep abreast of what is on the agenda in your country with regard to migrant integration and the impact it has on society. You can find the reasoning behind low and high scores in your country and use the results to supplement the human angle of stories on migrants and their experiences.

Play with the data

You can use the MIPEX online tool to visualise selected comparisons of policies, countries and changes over time as bar, map, radar or scatter-plot charts by choosing a chart, selecting the countries and policies to compare and generating your customised chart.

You can then share your chart on Facebook, add it to your own customised PDF of the MIPEX results, embed it onto your website or blog, or save it as an image or CSV. 

Improve your score

You can use the MIPEX online tool to monitor and recommend policy changes. By manually changing indicator scores the tool will calculate your changes and forecast how reform would improve policies in your country and compare them with other countries.

You can then visualise these scenarios by generating new comparative charts to share, publish, embed or save in your preferred format.

Press releases

14 September 2011: New Language Tests Could Threaten UK’s Progress On Integrating Migrants

The UK has become more effective at integrating new migrants, but new language tests could threaten this progress, a new study has shown.

The study, published today by the Migration Policy Group, shows that the UK government’s decision to remove the burdensome “Earned Citizenship” path has improved the UK’s standing in the “MIPEX” international ranking for effective integration policies. However, current proposals would make it harder for non-EU migrants to learn English, which is crucial in encouraging participation in local communities and employment.

Ranked 9th for its integration policies out of 33 countries, the UK guarantees better opportunities for migrants to integrate than most European countries, but still trails behind Canada (3rd) and Australia (5th), largely due to these countries’ strong support for all residents to successfully learn Englis h and their programmes on family reunion.

In particular, cuts to English classes means it is harder to learn English in the UK, and language requirements for family reunion and citizenship will be higher than all other English-speaking countries.

In addition, the new UK condition that applicant non-EU spouses must first speak the language before entering the country is totally absent from English-speaking countries like Australia, Canada and the US, and very rare in Europe.

As a contrast, Australia and Canada invest in migrant’s abilities to participate in society by providing free language classes once they arrive, and support for immigrant organisations in local communities.

The approach of combining demanding requirements with poor support may work more as an obstacle to learning English than as the incentive that has made integration work more effectively in Australia and Canada,” said the author of the study, Thomas Huddleston.

Rob Berkeley of the Runnymede Trust, the UK partner organisation for the project said: "Learning English is recognised as a crucial part of the route to integration. The UK government should ensure that there are opportunities for immigrants to learn English rather than making short term cuts which will lead to exclusion for migrants and their families in the longer term".

Commenting, Cedric Manen, Chair of the Settlement Council of Australia (SCOA), said:

“The UK can take lessons from Australia where they provide free English classes and additional support through settlement programs, particularly to those who are vulnerable. The settlement process has been strengthened through renewed focus on multicultural policy at a time when European counterparts took a more conservative stance on multiculturalism.”


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Media Gallery

The Media Gallery showcases MIPEX related videos and images. You can also look out for new videos on the MIPEXIII YouTube Channel  and the MIPEX photostream on Flickr.



The coalition Government has announced a change to the existing ‘Life in the UK Test’ focusing on history and culture, and dropping practical elements of British life. To be introduced in March the new test will quiz candidate’s knowledge of Monty Python, historical landmarks and the Queen’s exact age. The citizenship test requires a 75% pass mark for all foreign nationals seeking indefinite leave to remain in this country. Writing on the Home Office website Immigration minister Mark Harper said: “The new book rightly focuses on values and principles at the heart of being British. Instead of telling people how to claim benefits it encourages participation in British life.” The citizenship test has been through two previous incarnations, both of which focused largely on practical elements of life in this country, although these had undergone criticism for being too difficult with critics citing low pass rates and perceived difficulty amongst the British populace. There is concern that the new questions do not sufficiently prepare citizens for the practical realities of life in the UK. While the previous test included train timetables and navigating the convoluted benefits system it remains to be seen how knowledge of Stonehenge and Lord Nelson will benefit future residents. Speaking to Asian World Don Flynn, Director of Migrant Rights Network, called the change a “step backwards”, explaining “the test ought to be more practically related” and that prospective citizens looking to take the test are reacting “with resignation”. Some aid groups question whether rigorous testing really is the most appropriate course of action. One organisation suggested that work placement schemes would provide a much better ‘litmus test’ for prospective residents. Immigration has always been a contentious issue for politicians. MIPEX (Migrant Integration Policy Index), which measures the integration policies of each country, ranks the UK as 14th, behind countries like France and Poland. The Home Office released a ten-question sample of the new test and Asian World went to Kings Heath in the city of Birmingham to see if local residents could pass the quiz themselves. Around half of those asked achieved the necessary 75% pass mark to remain citizens, but most felt that the test was “very limited” or in one instance “completely irrelevant”. John Evans, 28, from Wood Green was amazed at the questions and asked “how can they (immigrants) expect to live in this country without knowing basic practical things” and then admitted that some of the questions he did not know and also found redundant. From March 25th foreign nationals hoping to stay permanently in the UK will be expected to understand not only the practicalities of British life but rather its history and its culture...


Фото: РИА НовостиГосударство всячески идет навстречу иммигрантам. В основе шведской модели интеграции — концепция мультикультурного развития, допускающая сохранение различными этническими группами их идентичности. В рейтинге Индекса интеграционной политики (MIPEX), составляемом консорциумом европейских организаций во главе с Migration Policy Group, Швеция удерживает первое место в Европе. В соответствии с методикой MIPEX «интеграция» интерпретируется как соблюдение принципа равных возможностей, таким образом, в странах-лидерах рейтинга разрыв в правах и возможностях граждан и иммигрантов минимален, поясняет Анна Прохорова, координатор программы Всемирного банка МИРПАЛ.

По мнению авторов индекса, как в 2007, так и в 2010 году среди европейских государств только Швеция набрала достаточно баллов для того, чтобы считаться страной, в которой созданы максимально благоприятные условия для интеграции иммигрантов. Иммигранты могут рассчитывать на хорошие возможности долгосрочного поселения благодаря справедливой, простой и прозрачной системе получения вида на жительство. В рамках системы соцобеспечения в Швеции каждый также имеет право на соцподдержку в соответствии с индивидуальными потребностями, содействие в освоении рынка труда, программы профориентации, курсы шведского и родного языка. Составители рейтинга отмечают антидискриминационное законодательство и благоприятные условия для трудоустройства и воссоединения семей.

Оценка законодательства стран в области интеграционной политики проводилась в 2004-м, 2007-м и 2010-м году. Специально разработанная методика получила название «Индекс интеграции мигрантов MIPEX». В 2010 году в итоговый рейтинг вошли 33 государства: 25 стран ЕС плюс Канада, Норвегия, Швейцария, Болгария, Румыния, США, Австралия и Япония. В соответствии с методикой расчета индекса, термин «мигрант» относится к гражданам третьих стран (т.е. не являющимся гражданами стран ЕС), легально находящимся на территории одной из стран ЕС. Законодательство оценивается исходя из его соответствия Конвенциям Совета Европы и Директивам Европейского Сообщества. Индекс MIPEX – «многомерный», поскольку он анализирует политику в сфере интеграции сразу по семи направлениям: доступ к рынку труда; воссоединение с семьей; образование; долгосрочное пребывание; участие в политической жизни страны; получение гражданства; защита от дискриминации.

«Как показывают результаты оценки, Швеция уделяет равное внимание всем семи направлениям иммиграционной политики, которые охватывает MIPEX. Шведское законодательство в отношении допуска иммигрантов на свой рынок труда было оценено на 100 баллов, это максимальная положительная оценка. Но важно разобраться, на основании каких критериев она была выведена. В частности, одним из главных критериев был такой: представители трех категорий мигрантов – долгосрочные резиденты (с видом на жительство), приехавшие по каналу воссоединения с семьей, а также временные трудовые мигранты (но не сезонные работники) имеют ровно те же права, касающиеся трудоустройства, что и граждане ЕС. Единственное ограничение — невозможность работать в органах государственной власти, — говорит Анна Прохорова. — Две категории иммигрантов остались за рамками индекса MIPEX: иностранные студенты и беженцы. Кроме того, индекс оценивает законодательство, а не результаты его применения. Для оценки «интегрированности» иммигрантов используются показатели безработицы, доли студентов иностранного происхождения, сравнение уровня дохода иммигрантов и коренного населения, доля межнациональных браков»...

Według ekspertów powinniśmy zachęcać do osiedlania się w Polsce bliskich nam kulturowo Ukraińców, Białorusinów czy Rosjan Według ekspertów powinniśmy zachęcać do osiedlania się w Polsce bliskich nam kulturowo Ukraińców, Białorusinów czy Rosjan
Fundacja „Energia dla Europy" postuluje specjalne działania, 
by sprowadzać do Polski co roku tysiące dobrze wykształconych obcokrajowców

W międzynarodowym indeksie MIPEX (Migrant Integration Policy Index) Polska jest na 24. miejscu wśród 31 badanych państw. Przed nami są nie tylko kraje starej Unii, ale i Słowenia, Czechy, Rumunia oraz Węgry, co wskazuje na to, że decydujące znaczenie przy osiedlaniu się za granicą ma nie tylko sytuacja ekonomiczna, ale przede wszystkim przyjazny klimat dla obcokrajowców.

– Polska to kraj nieprzyjazny imigrantom. Nie tylko nie ma tu żadnych programów zachęcających ich do osiedlenia się na stałe, ale przede wszystkim tym, którzy chcą tu być, rzuca się kłody pod nogi – mówi prof. Krystyna Iglicka, autorka raportu Fundacji „Energia dla Europy", według którego nasz kraj powinien sprowadzić do 2050 r. 5,2 mln imigrantów. To warunek, by wyludniający się kraj nadal się rozwijał...


IndicadoresO índice MIPEX, produzido em parceira entre o British Council e a organização europeia para políticas de imigração Migration Policy Group, elabora um ranking dos melhores países para ser imigrante. O estudo avalia países europeus, o Canadá, os Estados Unidos, o Japão e a Austrália.

Mas para definir a lista, o ranking traz muito mais aspectos sociais e leis de imigração do que considerações sobre a condição econômica eindicadores de cada país.

Para mostrar como andam as contas dos melhores países para ser imigrante, buscou os principais dados econômicos dos Top 10 nos Bancos Centrais, escritórios de estatísticas regionais e FMI (Fundo Monetário Internacional).

Confira os números nas próximas páginas...


Os migrantes reforçam o mosaico cultural e dão cor às nossas cidades com a sua riqueza cultural. Só em Leiria temos mais de 100 países representados. Importa referir ainda o impacto positivo das migrações na demografia portuguesa. Num Portugal envelhecido, as migrações garantem o crescimento demográfico positivo, reforçam a oferta de mão-de-obra e contribuem para um desacelerar do envelhecimento.

Portugal, segundo relatórios do Migrant Integration Policy Index (MIPEX ) apresenta-se como um dos países cimeiros (2º lugar) nos índices de integração da população estrangeira. Para tal, muito tem contribuído a aposta do Governo português nas políticas de integração de imigrantes, nomeadamente através do papel do Alto Comissariado para a Imigração e Diálogo Intercultural (ACIDI) e da rede de Centros Locais de Apoio à Integração dos Imigrantes (CLAIIs). De destacar, também, o papel essencial de organizações da sociedade civil (como a AMIGrante em Leiria e outras) que, através do trabalho em rede, tornam a integração uma realidade ao nível local...